1. With the pandemic, debates that had already been taking place from a wide political spectrum of questioning neoliberal globalization are accelerating. The fragility of the productive chains long established with the aim of maximizing short-term corporate profits has fallen to bare in their extraordinary vulnerability. What happens in one link in the chain can have global consequences. Dependence on imports for materials is as critical as basic health equipment and food. This situation has placed in political debate the need for higher levels of self-sufficiency or sovereignty in many different countries of the world. The pandemic has stripped the world like never before. While richer countries are grabbing vaccines for their population and refuse to relax the rules on protection of intellectual property controlled by pharmaceutical corporations developed thanks to massive public funding, many countries in the South will not have widespread access to vaccines until 2022, according to estimates by the People’s Vaccine Alliance.
Edgardo Lander, 10 de diciembre 2020, Seminario del Diálogo Global por Alternativas Sistémicas.
1. ¿Representa la pandemia el fin de la era de la globalización neoliberal? Con la pandemia se aceleran debates que ya se venían dando desde un amplio espectro político de cuestionamiento a la globalización neoliberal. La fragilidad de las largas cadenas productivas establecidas con el objetivo de maximizar las ganancias corporativas a corto plazo ha quedado al descubierto en su extraordinaria vulnerabilidad. Lo que pase en un eslabón de la cadena puede tener consecuencias globales. La dependencia en importaciones para asuntos tan críticos como equipos básicos de salud, y los alimentos, ha colocado en el debate político la necesidad de mayores niveles de autosuficiencia o soberanía en muy diferentes países del mundo.
[Español] Pablo Solón: We are here in a new dialogue of systemic reflections, and this time, with Walden Bello who is a very well known sociologist from the Philippines, author of many books, his most recent book: “Counterrevolution: The Global Rise of the Far Right”. Walden was the Executive Director of Focus on the Global South a think-tank in Southeast Asia, and now he is … Continue reading How do we avoid the fate of the dinosaurs?
[English] Un diálogo entre Walden Bello de Filipinas y Pablo Solón de Bolivia Walden Bello es un reconocido sociólogo de las Filipinas, autor de muchos libros siendo el más reciente “La contrarrevolución: el ascenso global de la extrema derecha”. Walden fue Director Ejecutivo de Focus on the Global South un centro de reflexión y acción en el Sudeste Asiático. Pablo Solón es un activista social … Continue reading ¿Cómo evitamos el destino de los dinosaurios?
[GERARDO DEL CERRO SANTAMARÍA, http://www.noticiasdegipuzkoa.com, 06.07.17] El renacimiento de sentimientos y políticas proteccionistas en las economías más avanzadas del globo de que estamos siendo testigos obedece en buena parte a la gran recesión de 2008, que originó a su vez un frenazo en el proceso de integración económica planetaria que llamamos globalización. Según la UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development-Conferencia de Naciones Unidas … Continue reading Nuevas decepciones de la globalización
[Joseph E. Stiglitz] NEW YORK – Fifteen years ago, I wrote a little book, entitled Globalization and its Discontents,describing growing opposition in the developing world to globalizing reforms. It seemed a mystery: people in developing countries had been told that globalization would increase overall wellbeing. So why had so many people become so hostile to it? Now, globalization’s opponents in the emerging markets and developing countries … Continue reading Globalization and its New Discontents
[Aseem Shrivastava] Policymakers say that the size of the pie in developing countries has to be enlarged before it can be distributed more equitably. But the way a country’s economy grows will determine whether there is anything left to distribute at the end of the growth process. “No problem can be solved from the same level of consciousness that created it.” Albert Einstein Three closely related … Continue reading Sharing the pie
[Pablo Solon, 8 March 2014] The race of globalisation is leaving the majority of the world’s population far behind. According to Unicef, the richest 20% of the population gets 83% of global income, while the poorest quintile has just 1%. This trend is getting worse. A new UNDP report called “Humanity Divided: estimates that 75% of the population lives in societies where income distribution is … Continue reading Deglobalisation is the way to reduce inequality
[UNDP Report] The report makes the basic point that in spite of the impressive progress humanity has made on many fronts over the decades, it still remains deeply divided. Key messages of the report are: During the last two decades, income inequality has significantly increased in many countries. On average — and taking into account population size — income inequality increased by 11 percent in developing … Continue reading Humanity Divided: Confronting Inequality in Developing Countries
[Patrick Bond, 2003] My favorite haunt, Zimbabwe, is the delight of aggressive bourgeois commentators, one of whom wrote a month ago about that country’s meltdown in the Economist (30 November 2002): “An interesting economic experiment is being conducted in Zimbabwe. To the foes of globalisation, President Robert Mugabe’s views are unexceptional. He argues that ‘runaway market forces’ are leading a ‘vicious, all-out assault on the … Continue reading “Deglobalization”? Sure, but…
[The Economist print edition, February 2009] The integration of the world economy is in retreat on almost every front. The economic meltdown has popularised a new term: deglobalisation. Some critics of capitalism seem happy about it—like Walden Bello, a Philippine economist, who can perhaps claim to have coined the word with his book, “Deglobalisation, Ideas for a New World Economy”. Britain’s prime minister, Gordon Brown, is among … Continue reading Turning their backs on the world
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