Earth Assemblies for Climate Justice

After 30 years of climate negotiations it is clear that the United Nations will not produce the result we need to deal with the climate collapse. COP27, far from increasing contributions to reduce greenhouse gases and honoring the historical climate debt from industrialized economies to countries and people that have contributed very little to climate change, is instead marked by intense lobbying from governments and … Continue reading Earth Assemblies for Climate Justice

Decoding the digital economy

by Mary Louise Malig Read the publication in full here Content:IntroductionScope of the Digital EconomyThe Platform EconomyThe Value of DataThe Technology of the Digital WorldPreliminary conclusions and Afterthoughts Introduction Have you ever taken a ride in an Uber or Lyft? Do you have a room or apartment that you have registered as a place to rent out on AirBnB? Have you ever bought and downloaded … Continue reading Decoding the digital economy

Preliminary conclusions and Afterthoughts

There is no doubt that the digital economy is vast and complex and with the rapid changes in technology that impacts various elements, the understanding of all its moving parts is therefore a challenge in and of itself. The innovations that led to even more progress in new technologies, infrastructure, software, programs, algorithms, blockchain technologies and information, communications technologies, have had and continue to have … Continue reading Preliminary conclusions and Afterthoughts

The Technology of the Digital World

Innovation has moved forward the development of new digital technologies, improvement of older models of software or hardware, and research and development for even more, keeping up with the growth of the digital economy. There are many new digital technologies, but for this paper, we have selected a few key ones that are critical in enabling the digital economy and serve as the building blocks … Continue reading The Technology of the Digital World

The Value of Data

It is quite important to note that all the issues discussed in the preceding chapters on digital platforms, the digital economy and all the layers to it, that none of that would be possible without data. In the digital economy, data is the new oil. It is an extremely valuable resource that fuels the whole system. Data is not only valuable to the corporations that … Continue reading The Value of Data

The Platform Economy

Digital platforms are best described as a technology based space which facilitates the meeting and matching of individuals or businesses that would not have otherwise met. For example, a digital platform, using its data driven infrastructure and operations, is able to then more effectively bring together sellers and consumers who have the same interests and are suited for each other. There are two types of … Continue reading The Platform Economy

Scope of the Digital Economy

A traditional economy is generally defined as: “An economy is the large set of inter-related production and consumption activities that aid in determining how scarce resources are allocated. In an economy, the production and consumption of goods and services are used to fulfill the needs of those living and operating within it.” [4] Resources generally referring to natural resources such as oil, gas, minerals, and … Continue reading Scope of the Digital Economy

Derechos para el río Quindío

Por Alejandra Nuñez del Prado La Subcuenca río Quindío se sitúa en el centro geográfico del occidente colombiano, con un recorrido de 65.35 Km. Nace en el extremo nororiental del municipio de Salento en el páramo del Quindío (3780 msnm), y finaliza en el municipio de Armenia. En sí, toda la cuenca del río Quindío es de amortiguación del Parque Nacional Natural de los Nevados[1]. … Continue reading Derechos para el río Quindío

Yaku-Unu Mama obtiene derecho al respeto

Por Alejandra Nuñez del Prado Orurillo es un distrito ubicado en Melgar dentro del departamento de Puno, Perú, una región poblada por las Naciones Indígenas Quechua y Aymara que se han visto afectadas por la contaminación de actividades mineras en las distintas fuentes de agua. El extractivismo cada vez demanda nuevas formas de “tutela ambiental”, en este sentido el 26 de diciembre del 2019 el … Continue reading Yaku-Unu Mama obtiene derecho al respeto

Pacto Ecosocial del Sur- Ecuador

LOS 10 PUNTOS PLANTEADOS POR LAS ORGANIZACIONESINDÍGENAS SON VIABLES, ABRAMOS UNA DISCUSIÓN MÁSPROFUNDA SOBRE ELLOS Tenemos la oportunidad de trabajar en la plurinacionalidad, lainterculturalidad, los Derechos Humanos y de la Naturaleza, losderechos de género e intergeneracionales. 1. Reducción y no más subida del precio de los combustibles. Congelar el Diésel a $1,50 y la gasolina Extra y Ecopaís a $2,10, derogar los decretos 1158, 1183, … Continue reading Pacto Ecosocial del Sur- Ecuador

Defensa de los Derechos de las Fuentes de Agua en Oaxaca

Por Alejandra Nuñez del Prado Oaxaca es un lugar con importantes ríos, manantiales y fuentes hídricas en general como San Felipe del Agua, Jalatlaco, Hueyapam y San Agustín[1]. Durante el último tiempo el Instituto de Ingeniería de la UNAM y la organización internacional Greenpeace han realizado estudios sobre la contaminación de los cuerpos de agua por descargas de residuos no controlados y presencia de compuestos … Continue reading Defensa de los Derechos de las Fuentes de Agua en Oaxaca

Los ríos Ganges y Yamuna como personas jurídicas

Por Alejandra Nuñez del Prado El río Ganges[1] nace en el sur del Himalaya en la frontera con la Región Autónoma del Tíbet de China. Tiene una corriente ancha y lenta que atraviesa 2.510 km por territorio de la República de la India, desembocando en la Bahía de Bengala en Bangladesh[2]. El volumen del río Ganges es de aproximadamente 11.000 metros cúbicos por segundo y … Continue reading Los ríos Ganges y Yamuna como personas jurídicas

What happened to the industrialization of lithium in Bolivia?

By José Carlos Solón More than a decade ago, the lithium industrialization process began in the salt flat in Uyuni, Bolivia. The formula to industrialize lithium in Bolivia has its roots in the National Development Plan (NDP) Bolivia with Dignity, Sovereignty, Productive and Democratic way to Live Well (NDP, 2006-2011) that marked the strategic guidelines of the Bolivian government of then President Evo Morales. That … Continue reading What happened to the industrialization of lithium in Bolivia?

Reconocimiento del río Magdalena, su cuenca y afluentes como sujeto de derechos

Por Alejandra Nuñez del Prado La cuenca del Magdalena está conformada por las regiones Andina y Caribe, con una superficie de 257.000 Km2. Entre los departamentos colombianos del Huila y Cauca, la cordillera de los Andes se divide en el llamado Nudo de los Pastos, una intrincada masa montañosa generadora del río Magdalena con un sistema fluvial de características únicas, notable por su localización en … Continue reading Reconocimiento del río Magdalena, su cuenca y afluentes como sujeto de derechos

Chile approves the Rights of Nature

By Pablo Solón [Español – Português] A little over two years have passed since my last visit to Chile. At the end of 2019, Plaza Baquedano, which at that time was renamed Plaza de la Dignidad, was full of youth, indignation, tear gas, blood and hope. Now I feel that the spirit and hope have been transferred to the new government of Gabriel Boric and … Continue reading Chile approves the Rights of Nature

The WTO and the havoc in the global supreme court of free trade

by Mary Louise Malig Read the publication in full here Content: Introduction Breaking down the Dispute Settlement Mechanism Bully capitalism versus the Appellate Body The interim dysfunctional way of settling disputes and the reform proposals The barely functioning and non-functional pillars of the WTO Introduction Back in 1995, when the World Trade Organization (WTO) had just started, it was the talk of the town. This … Continue reading The WTO and the havoc in the global supreme court of free trade

The barely functioning and non-functional pillars of the WTO

As mentioned earlier, the WTO has three pillars to keep it running, to monitoring trade policies globally, provide a forum for negotiations on new issues, and to enforce the 60 plus agreements under the WTO and settle disputes between Member states. The functioning of these three pillars is crucial, and although it may sound simple: negotiations for new trade rules, monitoring and resolving disputes, none … Continue reading The barely functioning and non-functional pillars of the WTO

The interim dysfunctional way of settling disputes and the reform proposals

The current dysfunctional process of settling disputes in the WTO stops at the phase of Panel Reports because it cannot go to the phase of Appellate Body for appeals since there are no sitting judges at the Appellate Body. This has been wreaking havoc in the WTO secretariat and membership as the DSM pillar is supposed to be the assurance of trade rules being guaranteed … Continue reading The interim dysfunctional way of settling disputes and the reform proposals

Bully capitalism versus the Appellate Body

In an US election year, then President Obama as represented by the United States Trade Representative (USTR) began a risky precedent. That 2016, the US blocked the reappointment of Appellate Body jurist Seung Wha Chang. Chang was up for a reappointment as the norm is that the jurists serve for four year terms that can be renewed once. The US complained that Chang was responsible … Continue reading Bully capitalism versus the Appellate Body

Breaking down the Dispute Settlement Mechanism

Breaking it down to sections, it can be noted that there are stages to this process: the first is the consultation process, second the review and reporting of the panel body then the Appellate Body from which comes the recommendation and ways on the implementation of the ruling which may include sanctions, countermeasures, retaliatory measures or compensations. In some cases, Arbitrators are involved in the … Continue reading Breaking down the Dispute Settlement Mechanism